How to get a good tan, avoid sunburn and keep your skin beautiful and healthy

The sun. We await it, we invoke it, we dream of it. Adored. But then, when he really arrives, and it's time to be kissed - beautiful and ugly that the sun doesn't discriminate, at least he does - then there are problems. Because yes, the heat on the skin is one of the most enjoyable and reassuring sensations that the world gives us, and the sun also has important beneficial properties, but the effects of exposure to its rays can also be really harmful, very harmful. And, by now, the fact is well known, to the point that there are no longer any excuses to continue ignoring it in the name of a tan (even if yes, we are all a little tanned, it's true). What then, you can still tan even using the protection and without being reckless. Word of dermatologist.

We talked about it with our trusted dermatologist Dr. Claudia Menicanti.  

Doctor, how do you recommend taking the first rays?
You have to expose yourself gradually in terms of time, not shoot yourself 12 hours straight on the first day so to speak.

And how to avoid getting burned for sure?
It would be really important to renew the sunscreen every 2 hours. And, something that we tend to underestimate, always after the baths.

Take away a doubt definitively: with protection do you get tanned anyway?
Obvious, and even better. Melanogenesis, or the synthesis of melanin, the pigment that gives us a tan, is not blocked by sunscreens which - instead - serve to protect the keratinocytes and the dermis from acute and cumulative sun damage.

Is 50+ protection always recommended and for everyone?
Always and for everyone. Always really. A 30 can be tolerated, but under the SPF it does not guarantee protection and is nothing more than a moisturizer.

How often should it be reapplied? 
Every two hours and - I repeat - always after baths and showers.

What is the right amount to apply on the face?
One finger unit (one adult phalanx) is sufficient.

And if you get burned, what should you do?
It depends on the degree of sunburn, but basically you need to avoid the sun for a few days and then restore the skin's hydrolipidic barrier with appropriate emollients.

Do you recommend anyone in particular?
Certainly those rich in ceramides.

Sun oil yes or no?
Only if it has spf equal to or greater than 30!

How to prevent sunspots?
Protect yourself correctly and avoid exposure to the sun in case of precipitating and aggravating factors such as pregnancy, and during hormonal therapies. 

And if the stains are already there, how can you protect them?
They do not require more protection than that of the whole skin. Once formed, the damage is done.

How long would it be right to expose yourself?
The sun, it must be said, also has many beneficial properties including the synthesis of vitamin D. Starting to expose yourself for half an hour a day up to about 3 hours a day is –say- an adequate time.