The sun. We wait for it, we invoke it, we dream it. Worshiped. Then, when it really comes though, and it's time to get kissed - beautiful and ugly that the sun doesn't discriminate, at least he - then there are problems. Because yes, the heat on the skin is one of the most enjoyable and reassuring sensations that the world gives us, and the sun also has important beneficial properties, but the effects of exposure to its rays can also be really harmful, extremely harmful. And, by now, the fact is well known, to such an extent that there are no more excuses to continue ignoring it in the name of the tan (although yes, tanned we are all a little prettier it is true). What's more, you can still tan even using protection and without being inconsiderate. Dermatologist word.
We talked about it with our trusted dermatologist, la Dr. Claudia Menicanti.
Doctor, how do you recommend taking the first rays?
You have to gradually expose yourself in terms of time, not shoot yourself 12 straight hours on the first day, so to speak.
And how to avoid getting burned for sure?
It would be really important to renew the sunscreen every 2 hours. And, something we tend to underestimate, always after the baths.
Remove a definitive doubt: can you tan anyway with protection?
Obvious, and even better. Melanogenesis, i.e. the synthesis of melanin, the pigment that gives us a tan, is not blocked by sunscreens which -instead- serve to protect the keratinocytes and the dermis from acute and cumulative sun damage.
Is 50+ protection recommended always and for everyone?
Always and for everyone. Always really. A 30 can be tolerated, but below the spf it does not guarantee protection and is nothing more than a moisturizer.
How often should it be reapplied?
Every two hours and - I repeat - always after baths and showers.
What is the right amount to apply on the face?
One finger unit (an adult phalanx) is sufficient.
And if you get burned, what should you do?
It depends on the degree of sunburn, but basically you need to avoid the sun for a few days and then restore the skin's hydrolipidic barrier with suitable emollients.
Do you recommend anyone in particular?
Certainly those rich in ceramides.
Sun oil yes or no?
Only if it has spf equal to or greater than 30!
How to prevent sun spots?
Photoprotecting oneself correctly and avoiding exposure to the sun in the event of precipitating and aggravating factors such as, for example, pregnancy, and during hormonal therapies.
And if the stains are already there, how to protect them?
They require no greater protection than that of whole skin. Once formed, the damage is already done.
How long would it be right to expose yourself?
The sun, it must be said, also has many beneficial properties including the synthesis of vitamin D. Starting to expose yourself for half an hour a day up to about 3 hours a day is – I would say – an adequate time.